Blog / Education / Events / General / Home / National

Black Men Face Cycle of Hostility, Vulnerability and Victimization

Dr. Elwood Watson is a professor of history and African-American studies at East Tennessee State University.

Dr. Elwood Watson is a professor of history and African-American studies at East Tennessee State University.

by Elwood Watson

A larger question that emerges from these senseless tragedies is why do some White men like Dunn and Zimmerman (in the case of Zimmerman bi-racial) see the need to belligerently confront and, in some cases, fatally harm young Black males? Moreover, what does it say about our society that these two men (and others like them) continue to have the audacity to do so? To me, it says something very troubling and disturbing about how many people devalue and disregard Black life—in particular, Black male life—in this nation. This is true for some Black males as well.

Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and senior Huffington Post blogger Trymaine Lee has argued that “Black Men Are The Most Victimized Group in America.” I tend to agree, and I am happy to give a few examples. Time to go down memory lane so to speak.

Some of us are old enough to remember the 1989 case of Charles Stuart. For those of you readers under 30 (maybe 35), Stuart was a psychotic 29-year-old White male from Boston, Mass., who pumped a bullet into his pregnant wife, shot himself in the abdomen and later informed police that  a “raspy voiced Black man” had committed the crime. A Black man with a prior criminal record, Willie Bennett, was convicted of the crime. After several weeks of raging hypersensitive racial tension that gripped Boston for weeks, further evidence and family testimony revealed that Stuart was, in fact, the culprit of his own devilish deeds. He committed suicide by jumping into Boston harbor as police closed in on him.

Black Man FaceA similar “Black man as villain” scenario repeats itself a few years later in the fall of 1994 when Susan Smith, a mentally ill mother from Union, S.C., drowned her two young boys, 3 years old and 16 months, at the bottom of a lake. Who did Smith accuse of “kidnapping” her children? You guessed it. A Black man. After a week of unrelenting cross-examination from local law enforcement, Smith broke down and confessed to her guilt. She was sentenced to a life in prison and just recently was denied clemency last year.

It was also during this time when I was a graduate student in the mid 1990s that three young girls (under 8 years old) reported to the police that they had been attacked by a Black man who was 6’2, 210 lbs. The fact that this was in a state where the Black population was notably minute and Black men over 6’0 were negligible promptly caused law enforcement to conclude these young ladies had fabricated (the girls admitted to doing so) their story.

Let’s not get started on the Central Park Jogging Case in New York that occurred in the late 1980s where, at the time, five young men were initially accused of a sadistically brutal attack. Later DNA evidence and testimony exonerated the young men. The circus atmosphere and distortions that resulted from this event can never be forgotten. In fact, the trial is back in the news once again as the victims of this gross miscarriage of justice seek financial compensation for their decade-long incarceration.

Violence aside, from boxer Mike Tyson (who recently seems to have made an ardent effort at self–rehabilitation) to the late superstar Michael Jackson to Tiger Woods, everywhere you look, it seems that some Black man somewhere famous, relatively well known or obscure is under the unrelenting public microscope for some sort of personal transgression and is frequently the target of anger or perennial suspicion from some segment of society. Moreover, such animosity seems to be magnified by an ever carnal, voyeuristic public all too eager to propagate long held stereotypes of men of color—in particular, Black men—as deviant, supposedly predatory, psychotic menaces to the larger society.

Lesser known professional Black men can also fall prey to deeply ingrained stereotypes. There are countless stories of Black attorneys, professors, businessmen and other professionals being stopped, interrogated and, in some cases, booked and imprisoned for being seen as “suspect.” Remember Harvard University professor Henry Louis Gates Jr. being questioned and eventually arrested while being in his own house in Cambridge, Mass., in the summer of 2009 after a heated dispute with a police officer?

One can only shudder at thinking how many Black men—or innocent people of any race—are sitting in prison today because some sorry, sad, psychotic person decided to target them as the assailant of a crime they did not commit. It is probably safe to say that a disproportionate number of these individuals are Black men and a growing number are Latino males. It is no wonder that a growing number of Black (and Latino men) have been diagnosed as suffering from internal rage.

We can only hope that justice will be served in both the Martin and Davis cases. Just as important is the fact that we as an ever growing racially diverse society must make an effort to genuinely and effectively communicate by talking to each other, not at one another pointing accusatory fingers. To paraphrase the late, great Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.—at some point Americans had better learn to live together as brothers and sisters or we will perish together as fools.

Real good food for thought.

Dr. Elwood Watson is a professor of history and African-American studies at East Tennessee State University.

A reprint from DIVERSE issue in Higher Education, December 7, 2012.


One thought on “Black Men Face Cycle of Hostility, Vulnerability and Victimization

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s